Acoustic performance of covering systems with metallic roof tiles: effect of damping layers on rain noise

Autores

  • Gabriel Wittmann itt Performance, Unisinos
  • Rafael Ferreira Heissler itt Performance, Unisinos https://orcid.org/0000-0001-8152-9640
  • Maria Fernanda Oliveira itt Performance, Unisinos

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.55753/aev.v37e54.191

Palavras-chave:

ruído da chuva, isolamento acústico, sistemas de cobertura

Resumo

Weather events directly affect buildings, and despite buildings being composed of construction systems and elements with characteristics that determine the necessary structural safety, modifications can be made to meet other performance requirements. The degree of vulnerability of a building fundamentally depends on the characteristics of its envelope, and in the current context of climate change, alterations in rainfall patterns are one of the main consequences. Insulating rain noise from roofing systems is particularly important in buildings with large spans, as the greater distance between supports leads to less rigidity of the systems. This work aims to analyze the influence of damping layers on the acoustic performance of metallic tile covering systems during the action of artificial rain produced in a laboratory environment. The tests were carried out according to the parameters of ISO 10140, Parts 1, 3, and 5, in 12 different compositions of the roofing systems. For comparison purposes, 4 types of simple tiles were also tested. The results show that, in multilayer systems, filling with glass wool between two tiles is the most efficient, with results of LIA = 74 dB for the simple trapezoidal tile TP-30 and LIA = 52 dB for the system with glass wool and elastomeric tape.

Referências

SILVA, V. P.; PANNONI, F. D. Steel structures for buildings: technological and design aspects (Original: Estruturas de aço para edifícios: aspectos tecnológicos e de concepção). 3. ed. São Paulo, SP, Brazil: Blucher, 2020. ISBN 978-8521216377.

HOPKINS, Carl. Sound insulation. 3. ed. Burlington: Elsevier Ltd, 2020. ISBN 978-1000159288. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1201/9781003070788

PATRÍCIO, Jorge V. Acoustics in buildings (Original: Acústica nos edifícios). 7. ed. Lisboa, Portugal: Verlag Dashöfer, 2018. ISBN 978-9897232633.

AKARSH, S.; ABHILASH, P.; ABHINAV, K. V.; AKSHAY, C. C.; KUMAR, C. Sudheesh. Experimental and numerical investigations of rain fall induced noise from roofing sheets. In: International Congress and Exposition on Noise Control Engineering (Internoise). Glasgow, Escócia: Institute of Noise Control Engineering (INCE), 2022. p. 3999–5001. doi: 10.3397/IN_2022_0590. DOI: https://doi.org/10.3397/IN_2022_0590

SREERAG, R. K.; SHOBIN, S.; VISHNU, A.; VIVEK, S.; SUDHEESH, C. P. Influence of roofing sheet geometry on reduction of rainfall induced noise. In: 5th International Conference on Systems, Energy & Environment (ICSEE). Singapura: [n.p.], 2021. doi: ssrn.3791071.

EGAN, D. Architectural Acoustics. 2. ed. New York: McGraw-Hill, 2014. ISBN 978-8131510001.

LOPES, M. M.; RIGAU, L. Using a soundproofing membrane to insulate metal roofs (original: Utilização de membrana insonorizante no isolamento acústico em cobertura metálica). In: Acústica & Tecniacústica 2008. Coimbra, Portugal: [n.p.], 2008. p. 1–8. Available on https://documentacion.sea-acustica.es/publicaciones/Coimbra08/id309.pdf.

UNIVERSALIS. Acoustique architecturale: Les grands articles d’Universalis. Bruxelas: Encyclopædia Universalis, 2020. ISBN 978-23410006361.

YAN, X.; LU, S.; LI, J. Experimental studies on the rain noise of lightweight roofs: Natural rains vs artificial rains. Applied Acoustics, v. 106, p. 63–76, 2016. doi: 10.1016/j.apacoust.2015.12.022. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.apacoust.2015.12.022

DONOHUE, J.; PEARSE, J. Rain noise. In: 23rd Internacional Congress of Acoustics (ICA). Aachen, Alemanha: [n.p.], 2019. p. 1–7. doi: 10.18154/RWTH-CONV-239914.

MINEO, C. C.; RIDOLFI, E.; MOCCIA, B.; RUSSO, F.; NAPOLITANO, F. Assessment of rainfall kinetic-energy-intensity relationships. Water, v. 11, p. 1–23, 2019. ISSN 2073-4441. doi: 10.3390/w11101994. DOI: https://doi.org/10.3390/w11101994

TILG, A. M.; VEJEN, F.; HASAGER, C. B.; NIELSEN, M. Rainfall Kinetic Energy in Denmark: Relationship with Drop Size, Wind Speed, and Rain Rate. Journal of Hydrometeorology, v. 21, p. 1621–637, 2020. ISSN 1525-7541. doi: 10.1175/JHM-D-19-0251.1. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1175/JHM-D-19-0251.1

VERMEIR, G.; MEES, P. Laboratory test set-up for the evaluation of rainfall-noise. In: 29th International Congress and Exhibition on Noise Control Engineering (Internoise). Nice, França: Institute of Noise Control Engineering (INCE), 2000. p. 1–7. Available on https://www.researchgate.net/publication/325392916_LABORATORY_TEST_SET-UP_FOR_THE_EVALUATION_OF_RAINFALL-NOISE.

Netherlands Organisation for Applied Scientific Research (Nederlandse Organisatie voor toegepast-natuurwetenschappelijk onderzoek). Rainfall and impact noise measurements on metal roof tiles (Report TNO-DGT-RPT-010015). Haia, 2004. 1–18 p. Available on http://www.metrotile.com.pt/pdf/Ruido_Produzido.pdf.

HOPKINS, C.; YU, Y. Empirical models for artificial and natural rainfall to assess rain noise inside buildings and cars. In: 49th International Congress and Exposition on Noise Control Engineering (Internoise). Seul, Coréia: Institute of Noise Control Engineering (INCE), 2020. Available on https://www.ingentaconnect.com/contentone/ince/incecp/2020/00000261/00000005/art00012.

BALLAG, K. O. Noise of simulated rainfall on roofs. Applied Acoustic, v. 31, p. 245–264, 1990. ISSN 0003-682X. doi: 10.1016/0003-682X(90)90032-P. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/0003-682X(90)90032-P

INTERNATIONAL ORGANIZATION FOR STANDARDIZATION. ISO 10140-1: Acoustics — Laboratory measurement of sound insulation of building elements — Part 1: Application rules for specific products. Genebra, 2021. 54 p. Available on https://www.iso.org/standard/67232.html.

CHÉNÉ, J.; GUIGOU-CARTER, C.; LANGAGER, M. Mesure et prèdiction du bruit de pluie sur des systèmes multicouches. In: 10ème Congrès Français D’Acoustique. Lion, França: [n.p.], 2010. Available on https://hal.science/hal- 00537210.

RASA, Alexander. The effectivenss of utilising a damping compound for attenuating rainfall noise on metal roofing. In: Acoustics 2018. Adelaide, Austrália: Australian Acoustical Society, 2018. p. 1–9. Available on https:

//acoustics.asn.au/conference_proceedings/AAS2018/papers/p32.pdf.

BARRUFA, R. Correlation between airborne sound insulation and heavy rain noise on coverings with metallic finishing. Rivista Italiana di Acustica, v. 40, p. 32–42, 2016. ISSN 2385-2615. Available on https://acustica-aia.it/rivista- italiana-di-acustica/.

JARAMILO, A. M.; STEEL, C. Architectural Acoustics. 1. ed. Londres: TaylorFrancis, 2015. ISBN 978-1317619352.

MASSAGLIA, J. F. Modelling the sound insulation of corrugated roof structures: an extended transfer matrix approach. 282 p. Dissertation (PhD) — Salford University, Salford, UK, 2017. Available on https://salford- repository.worktribe.com/output/1387821/modelling-the-sound-insulation-of-corrugated-roof-structures-an-extended-transfer-matrix-approach.

INTERNATIONAL ORGANIZATION FOR STANDARDIZATION. ISO 10140-5: Acoustics — Laboratory measurement of sound insulation of building elements — Part 5: Requirements for test facilities and equipment. Genebra, 2021. 39 p. Available on https://www.iso.org/standard/79482.html.

INTERNATIONAL ORGANIZATION FOR STANDARDIZATION. ISO 3382-2: Acoustics — Measurement of room acoustic parameters — Part 2: Reverberation time in ordinary rooms. Genebra, 2008. 17 p. Available on https://www.iso.org/standard/36201.html.

AeV 54 - Acoustic performance of covering systems with metallic roof tiles: effect of damping layers on rain noise

Downloads

Publicado

01/dez/2022

Como Citar

WITTMANN, G.; HEISSLER, R. F.; OLIVEIRA, M. F. Acoustic performance of covering systems with metallic roof tiles: effect of damping layers on rain noise. Acústica e Vibrações, [S. l.], v. 37, n. 54, p. 21–31, 2022. DOI: 10.55753/aev.v37e54.191. Disponível em: https://revista.acustica.org.br/acustica/article/view/aev54_roof. Acesso em: 14 jul. 2024.